Invitation to a talk: Flavio Baccari, Tuesday March 6th 2018, 11:00 am at the IQOQI Seminar Room

Bell correlations depth in many-body systems

While the interest in multipartite nonlocality has grown in recent years, its existence in large quantum systems is difficult to confirm experimentally. This is mostly due to the inadequacy of standard multipartite Bell inequalities to many-body systems: such inequalities usually rely on expectation values involving many parties and require an individual addressing of each party. A recent work [J. Tura et al. Science 344, 6189 (2014)]  proposed simpler Bell inequalities overcoming such difficulties, opening the way for the detection of Bell correlations with trusted collective measurements through Bell correlation witnesses [R. Schmied et al. Science 352, 441 (2016)], hence demonstrating the presence of Bell correlations with assumptions on the statistics. In this talk, I will address the question of assessing the number of particles sharing genuinely nonlocal correlations in a multipartite system. This endeavour is a priori challenging, as known Bell inequalities for genuine nonlocality suffer from the above shortcomings, plus a number of measurement settings scaling exponentially with the system size. I’ll first show that most of these constraints drop once the witnesses corresponding to these inequalities are expressed: in systems where multipartite expectation values can be evaluated, these witnesses can reveal genuine nonlocality for an arbitrary number of particles with just two collective measurements. I’ll then introduce a general framework focused on two-body Bell-like inequalities and show that they also provide information about the number of particles that are genuinely nonlocal. Moreover, I’ll show how to provide witnesses of Bell correlation depth k≤6 for any number of parties, within experimental reach.