The privacy and security underpin human dignity and is one of the most important human rights. However, every advance in classical cryptography has been defeated by advances in cracking. In 1984, Charles Bennett and Gilles Brassard theoretically ended the encryption-decryption battle by inventing quantum cryptography. However, there are major challenges to turn this idea into practically secure and large-scale quantum communications. I will discuss the experimental efforts to close security loopholes in the quantum key distribution using realistic devices, and go to long distance practically useful at a global scale. One possible solution for large-scale quantum communication is quantum repeater. After 20 years of development, quantum repeaters enable quantum communication at a distance of 500 km. More effectively, by developing a quantum science satellite Micius and exploiting the negligible decoherence and photon loss in the out space, practically secure quantum cryptography, entanglement distribution, and quantum teleportation have been achieved over thousand-kilometer scale. The systematic technologies developed in quantum communications are also widely applicable for other optical quantum information processing tasks, especially the demonstrations of quantum computational advantage with up to hundreds of photons.
In future, it is foreseen to establish a global quantum communication network and quantum internet with metropolitan quantum communication network, inter-city quantum communication connected by quantum repeaters, and long-distance quantum communication with quantum satellites including the quantum constellation and GEO quantum satellite. Moreover, a GEO satellites carring a ultra-precise optical clock also provides new platform for the study of quantum metrology such as precise timing information sharing, and can even provide the possibility of new probes for fundamental physics.
The talk will be followed by a panel discussion with
Jian-Wei Pan, USTC and Anton Zeilinger, University of Vienna & IQOQI/ÖAW
moderated by Markus Aspelmeyer, University of Vienna & IQOQI/ÖAW