TY - JOUR
AB - In general relativity, the causal structure between events is dynamical, but it is definite and observer-independent; events are point-like and the membership of an event A in the future or past light-cone of an event B is an observer-independent statement. When events are defined with respect to quantum systems however, nothing guarantees that the causal relationship between A and B is definite. We propose to associate a causal reference frame corresponding to each event, which can be interpreted as an observer-dependent time according to which an observer describes the evolution of quantum systems. In the causal reference frame of one event, this particular event is always localised, but other events can be 'smeared out' in the future and in the past. We do not impose a predefined causal order between the events, but only require that descriptions from different reference frames obey a global consistency condition. We show that our new formalism is equivalent to the pure process matrix formalism (Araújo et al 2017 Quantum 1 10). The latter is known to predict certain multipartite correlations, which are incompatible with the assumption of a causal ordering of the events—these correlations violate causal inequalities. We show how the causal reference frame description can be used to gain insight into the question of realisability of such strongly non-causal processes in laboratory experiments. As another application, we use causal reference frames to revisit a thought experiment Zych et al (arXiv:1708.00248) where the gravitational time dilation due to a massive object in a quantum superposition of positions leads to a superposition of the causal ordering of two events.
AU - Allard Guérin, Philippe
AU - Brukner, Časlav
DA - 2018/10/25/
DO - 10.1088/1367-2630/aae742
ET - 2019/10/31/
JF - New Journal of Physics
PY - 2018
SE - 2018/10/10/
SP - 103031
TI - Observer-dependent locality of quantum events
UR - http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1367-2630/aae742/meta
VL - 20
ER -