TY - JOUR
AB - We determine the computational difficulty of finding ground states of one-dimensional (1D) Hamiltonians, which are known to be matrix product states (MPS). To this end, we construct a class of 1D frustration-free Hamiltonians with unique MPS ground states and a polynomial gap above, for which finding the ground state is at least as hard as factoring. Without the uniqueness of the ground state, the problem becomes NP complete, and thus for these Hamiltonians it cannot even be certified that the ground state has been found. This poses new bounds on convergence proofs for variational methods that use MPS.
AU - Schuch, N.
AU - Cirac, J. I.
AU - Verstraete, F.
DA - 2008/01/01/
JF - Phs. Rev. Lett.
PY - 2008
SE - 2008/01/01/
SP - 250501
TI - Computational Difficulty of Finding Matrix Product Ground States
UR - http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.250501
ER -