TY - JOUR
AB - It was recently suggested that causal structures are both dynamical, because of general relativity, and indefinite, because of quantum theory. The process matrix formalism furnishes a framework for quantum mechanics on indefinite causal structures, where the order between operations of local laboratories is not definite (e.g., one cannot say whether operation in laboratory A occurs before or after operation in laboratory B). Here, we develop a framework for “dynamics of causal structures,” i.e., for transformations of process matrices into process matrices. We show that, under continuous and reversible transformations, the causal order between operations is always preserved. However, the causal order between a subset of operations can be changed under continuous yet nonreversible transformations. An explicit example is that of the quantum switch, where a party in the past affects the causal order of operations of future parties, leading to a transition from a channel from A to B, via superposition of causal orders, to a channel from B to A. We generalize our framework to construct a hierarchy of quantum maps based on transformations of process matrices and transformations thereof.
AU - Castro-Ruiz, Esteban
AU - Giacomini, Flaminia
AU - Brukner, Caslav
DA - 2018/03/21/
DO - 10.1103/PhysRevX.8.011047
IS - 1
JF - Physical Review X
PY - 2018
SE - 2018/03/21/
SP - 011047
TI - Dynamics of Quantum Causal Structures
UR - https://journals.aps.org/prx/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevX.8.011047
VL - 8
ER -